AN/TPQ-53 Quick Reaction Capability Radar is a mobile active electronically scanned array counter-battery radar system manufactured by Lockheed Martin.
The radar is specifically designed to locate the firing positions of both rocket and mortar launchers.
Per the Joint Electronics Type Designation System (JETDS), the nomenclature AN/TPQ-53 is thus derived:
The TPQ-53 radar’s delivery on 2 July 2009 followed its successful live-fire performance testing against indirect fire from mortars, artillery and rockets from a simulated enemy. The system has been tested and has been accepted by the US Army.
TPQ-53 radar systems will replace the aging TPQ-36 and TPQ-37 medium-range radars now in the Army’s inventory. In addition to its counter-fire and counter-drone missions,
Prior to September 2011 This system was known as EQ-36 Counterfire Target Acquisition Radar.
The AN/TPQ-53 is the most advanced counter-fire radar of the US Army, with a detection range of 38 miles / 60 km, operating in the S-band range for enhanced accuracy.
In June 2013 the United States Army exercised a contract option to finish out the total production of 51 systems. After a contract award 24 April 2017 has completed production, the Army will hold more than 170 such systems. In April 2020 the first GaN based AN/TPQ-53 was delivered to the U.S. Army
After Russian-backed separatists started operating tanks in Eastern Ukraine, the U.S. started sending military items to Ukraine, including 20 AN/TPQ-53 radar systems in 2015. As a result, Ukraine’s units thus equipped had casualty rates decline from 47 percent to around 18 percent. Ukrainian combat expertise with the system led to their providing training to U.S. forces.