The word hydrolysis is applied to chemical reactions in which a substance reacts with water. In organic chemistry, the products of the reaction are usually molecular, being formed by combination with H and OH groups (e.g., hydrolysis of an ester to an alcohol and a carboxylic acid). In inorganic chemistry, the word most often applies to cations forming soluble hydroxide or oxide complexes with, in some cases, the formation of hydroxide and oxide precipitates.

The hydrolysis reaction for a hydrated metal ion in aqueous solution can be written as:

and the corresponding formation constant as:

and associated equilibria can be written as:

Hydrolysis constants (log values) in critical compilations at infinite dilution and T = 298.15 K:

Hydrolysis constants (log values) in critical compilations at infinite dilution and T = 298.15 K:

Hydrolysis constants (log values) in critical compilations at infinite dilution and T = 298.15 K:

Hydrolysis constants (log values) in critical compilations at infinite dilution and T = 298.15 K:

Hydrolysis constants (log values) in critical compilations at infinite dilution and T = 298.15 K:

Hydrolysis constants (log values) in critical compilations at infinite dilution and T = 298.15 K:

Hydrolysis constants (log values) in critical compilations at infinite dilution and T = 298.15 K:

Hydrolysis constants (log values) in critical compilations at infinite dilution and T = 298.15 K:

Hydrolysis constants (log values) in critical compilations at infinite dilution and T = 298.15 K:

Hydrolysis constants (log values) in critical compilations at infinite dilution and T = 298.15 K:

Hydrolysis constants (log values) in critical compilations at infinite dilution and T = 298.15 K:

Hydrolysis constants (log values) in critical compilations at infinite dilution and T = 298.15 K:

Hydrolysis constants (log values) in critical compilations at infinite dilution and T = 298.15 K:

Hydrolysis constants (log values) in critical compilations at infinite dilution and T = 298.15 K:

Hydrolysis constants (log values) in critical compilations at infinite dilution and T = 298.15 K:

Hydrolysis constants (log values) in critical compilations at infinite dilution and T = 298.15 K:

Hydrolysis constants (log values) in critical compilations at infinite dilution and T = 298.15 K:

Hydrolysis constants (log values) in critical compilations at infinite dilution and T = 298.15 K:

Hydrolysis constants (log values) in critical compilations at infinite dilution and T = 298.15 K:

Hydrolysis constants (log values) in critical compilations at infinite dilution and T = 298.15 K:

11.75 ± 0.13 (microcr)

-17.2 ± 1.3 (cr)

Hydrolysis constants (log values) in critical compilations at infinite dilution and T = 298.15 K:

Hydrolysis constants (log values) in critical compilations at infinite dilution and T = 298.15 K:

Hydrolysis constants (log values) in critical compilations at infinite dilution and T = 298.15 K:

Hydrolysis constants (log values) in critical compilations at infinite dilution and T = 298.15 K:

Hydrolysis constants (log values) in critical compilations at infinite dilution and T = 298.15 K:

Hydrolysis constants (log values) in critical compilations at infinite dilution and T = 298.15 K:

Hydrolysis constants (log values) in critical compilations at infinite dilution and T = 298.15 K:

Hydrolysis constants (log values) in critical compilations at infinite dilution and T = 298.15 K:

Hydrolysis constants (log values) in critical compilations at infinite dilution and T = 298.15 K:

Hydrolysis constants (log values) in critical compilations at infinite dilution and T = 298.15 K:

Hydrolysis constants (log values) in critical compilations at infinite dilution and T = 298.15 K:

Hydrolysis constants (log values) in critical compilations at infinite dilution and T = 298.15 K:

Hydrolysis constants (log values) in critical compilations at infinite dilution and T = 298.15 K:

Hydrolysis constants (log values) in critical compilations at infinite dilution and T = 298.15 K:

Hydrolysis constants (log values) in critical compilations at infinite dilution and T = 298.15 K:

Hydrolysis constants (log values) in critical compilations at infinite dilution and T = 298.15 K:

*Errors in compilations concerning equilibrium and/or data elaboration. Data not recommended. It is strongly suggested to refer to the original papers.