Karlova Studanka

Karlova Studanka (German: Bad Karlsbrunn) is a spa a municipality and village in Bruntal District in the Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 200 inhabitants. The village is well preserved and is protected by law as a village monument zone.

Karlova Studanka is located about 13 kilometres (8 mi) northwest of Bruntal. It lies in the Hruby Jesenik mountain range. The highest point is the rock Rolanduv kamen at 910 m (2,990 ft) above sea level. The village is situated in a valley of the Bila Opava river, a tributary of the Opava.

The first written mention of Karlova Studanka is from 1554, under its original name Hinnewieder. The first spa buildings were built in 1782. The village was renamed Karlova Studanka (i.e. "Charles' Spring") in 1803 in honour of Archduke Charles, who defeated Napoleon in the Battle of Aspern-Essling.

The means of therapeutic stays are a climate with very clean air, natural carbon dioxide and mineral water, which is used for carbonic baths and peat wraps, inhalation and drinking. Today the spa is owned by the state. It specializes in the treatment of dusty lung diseases and non-tuberculous respiratory diseases.

The spa consists of valuable complex of timbered spa buildings and a spa park with a geological exposition of rocks and an artificial waterfall. The most notable building is the wooden Drinking Pavilion (Pitny pavilon) from 1895, where the Wilhelm spring is located. The waterfall was built in the 19th century for the spa needs and it has a height of 20 metres (66 ft).

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